A Functional Approach to Syntax In Generative Description of by Petr Sgall, Ladislav Nebeský, Alla Goralčíková, Eva Hajičová PDF

By Petr Sgall, Ladislav Nebeský, Alla Goralčíková, Eva Hajičová

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NP as a constituent of a VP is necessarily an object of this VP) ; and it is not certain if this can be taken for granted. Furthermore, it would not be simple to refer to this kind of informa- JB A F U N CT I O N A L A P P R O A C H TO SY N TAX tion when using further (transducing) rules ;za cf. now also the difficulties pointed out by Fillmore (1 966). z4 But this way of handling the phrase-structure distinction seems to have its drawbacks, too. The distinction mentioned is, at least in some cases, graded, so that it is not possible to describe it adequately by a certain number of different kinds of dependence (cf.

G. Sgall, 1 967c) into the set of such trees. Since such a procedure-or device-has to operate with graphs (or bidimensional diagrams) instead of strings as the elements of its input and output languages, it is also necessary to specify its relationship to the known types of grammars and automata (for instance to find the basis for the confrontation of sets of graphs with sets of strings) ; otherwise no connec­ tion can be found between the proposed type of description and the known theorems of automata theory.

This possibility-with respect to transformational grammars-was not denied in the first years of Chomsky's work on the theory of grammar. Moreover, as is sometimes pointed out, it can hardly be accidental that so many scholars using rather different approaches to investigate the structure of natural languages have formulated systems of this kind. Nevertheless, there are several indications that the weak generative power of these systems is inadequate (cf. Bar-Hillel, 1964, pp. 193f). Postal (1 964, pp.

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