Download PDF by John Murphy: Ali Khamenei (Modern World Leaders)

By John Murphy

ISBN-10: 0791095177

ISBN-13: 9780791095171

ISBN-10: 1438104626

ISBN-13: 9781438104621

Grand Ayatollah Ali Khamenei was once born right into a kin of strict piety and average poverty. As a serious-minded spiritual scholar, he quickly stuck the attention of the Ayatollah Khomeini. Upon Khomeini's loss of life, Khamenei used to be named his successor and have become the Grand Ayatollah of Iran. This biography tells his tale.

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His father, Sayyed Javad Khamenei, was a humble but well-respected religious scholar who was honored with the responsibility of leading morning, midday, and evening prayers at two of Mashhad’s mosques. Sayyed Javad Khamenei lived a simple life characterized by self-denial and a rejection of worldly goods and luxuries. He kept a bare-bones household and taught all of his children how to live a simple and good life, believing that this freedom from worldly distractions and temptations placed one closer to God and his commandments and in more direct communication with him.

He imposed Western styles of dress. He instituted civil marriages and divorce. This did not sit well with the large number of pious (religious and practicing) Muslims in Iran. As the entire world became mired in the devastating economic depression of the 1930s and advanced towards a second catastrophic global war, Iran’s economy also suffered, and the world’s great powers again began eyeing the nation for its oil resources and strategic value. These strains, coupled the history of modern iran with the widespread and growing discontent over Reza Shah’s harsh, repressive, and uncompromising rule, would result in his downfall.

The Shiite-Sunni Split The Prophet Muhammad died without appointing his successor. Arabian tribal traditions usually determined leadership questions by choosing a replacement among the deceased leader’s descendants and relatives or by choosing a new leader (who may or may not have been related to the deceased leader) through tribal consensus (general agreement). Muhammad had no son, so attention fell upon two main candidates for succession—Ali, the Prophet’s cousin and son-in-law (he was married to Muhammad’s daughter), and Abu Bakr, Muhammad’s father-in-law and longtime companion and adviser.

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Ali Khamenei (Modern World Leaders) by John Murphy


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