By Bernard / Vogel, Petra M. Comrie
The heritage of note classification examine is characterised by way of severe positions. as much as the nineteenth century, it used to be believed that note sessions have been always of the Latin or Greek kind and common. not like that, within the twentieth century, the view prevailed that each language had its personal particular and distinct note classification procedure. within the final a long time, even though, it has develop into obvious that regardless of the massive variety of observe sessions and be aware classification platforms there are typological regulations with reference to the conceptualization of semantic beneficial properties and morphosyntactic constructions. this article techniques note periods and their categorial manifestations from the point of view of typology and language universals learn. The authors during this quantity speak about be aware category categorization often (Part I), in addition to notice periods and notice category platforms of person languages (Part II) from a typological-universal standpoint and from diachronic and cross-linguistic views
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Additional resources for Approaches to the Typology of Word Classes
That this might be something that actually tends to block recycling is shown by cases where only atypical nouns and verbs, such as do not need to change category, can be recycled. Such cases in the sample are place nouns in Kobon and Maori, and temporal nouns in Swedish, which unlike other nouns can be recycled in predicate modifier function, quantitative nouns in Ainu, which unlike other nouns can be recycled in term modifier function, and stative verbs in Ainu, which unlike other verbs can be recycled in predicate modifier function.
Jr. 1979 "Noun and verb in Nootkan", in: Barbara S. ), 83-155. Jelinek, Eloise—Richard A. Demers 1994 "Predicates and pronominal arguments in Straits Salish", Language 70: 697-736. Jespersen, Otto 1924 The philosophy of grammar. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Karlsson, Fred 1978 Finsk grammatik. ) Helsinki: Suomalaisen Kirjallisuuden Seura. Kibrik, Aleksandr E. 1977 Opyt strukturnogo opisanija arcinskogo jazyka [Towards a structural description of the Archi language]. Moskva: Izdatel'stvo Moskovskogo Universiteta.
These latter languages, however, differ from one another concerning the constitution of the adjectival class, with some like English having a large, open class of adjectives, and others having only smaller, closed classes. For example, Sango has about sixty adjectives, Kilivila has about fifty, Acoli has about forty, Luganda has about thirty, Bemba has about twenty, Supyire has about ten and Igbo has only eight (see Dixon 1982). As mentioned earlier, we can account for this cross-linguistic variation by establishing three different idealised languages, namely (a) in which there would be a large, open class of nouns, verbs and adjectives, (b) in which there would only be two comparable major word classes, namely nouns and verbs, with the words which correspond to the adjectives of the first one being indistinguishable from nouns, and (c) which is similar to the second one in having only nouns and verbs as the two major word classes with words which correspond to the adjectives of the first idealised language being indistinguishable from verbs rather than from nouns.
Approaches to the Typology of Word Classes by Bernard / Vogel, Petra M. Comrie