By Minoo Moallem
Minoo Moallem demanding situations the mainstream stereotypical illustration of Islam and Muslims as backward, fanatical, and premodern by means of displaying how Islamic nationalism and fundamentalism are by-products of modernity. Writing with a deep own and scholarly trouble for contemporary Iranian historical past, Moallem refers back to the gendered notions of brother and sister as keys to realizing the discovery of the Islamic ummat as a latest fraternal group. utilizing magazines, novels, and movies, she bargains a feminist transnational research of up to date Iranian tradition that questions dominant binaries of contemporary and conventional, West and East, secular and spiritual, and civilized and barbaric. among Warrior Brother and Veiled Sister responds to a few very important questions raised in reference to 11th of September. the writer considers how veiling intersects with different id markers in geographical region construction and smooth formations of gendered citizenship. She indicates how Islamic nationalism and fundamentalism are fed via a hybrid mix of pictures and myths of either pre-Islamic and Islamic Iran, in addition to globally circulated patriarchal ideologies.
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Additional info for Between Warrior Brother and Veiled Sister: Islamic Fundamentalism and the Politics of Patriarchy in Iran
My work draws on recent feminist postcolonial criticism on the gendering of Orientalism. The contributions of Alloula (1986), GrahamBrown (1988), and Shohat and Stam (1994) have been crucial in illustrating the symbolic and material colonial appropriation of gendered bodies. It is crucial to investigate particular civilizational tropes, signiWers, and representations that constitute the discourse of Persia as the other of Europe. In the Weld of Iranian studies, the circulation, exchange, and consumption of such meanings are either naturalized or described by an evolutionary framework that refers to the West in civilizational or countercivilizational terms.
Either religion was regarded instrumentally—as part of a discourse to be used for secular purposes—or it was consigned to tradition and thus to the past. In this view, religion exists in the temporality of the premodern, doomed to be forgotten or, at most, subordinate to evolution and progress. FIELDS OF VISIBILITY / 35 Civilizational Thinking and Persian Otherness It is essential to note that while Orientalism has been extremely important as a regime of “othering,” fundamental to colonial modernity and postcoloniality, the representation of otherness has not been identical everywhere.
It is primarily through claiming or disavowing colonial modernity that the discourse of race remains intact through its mutual constitution by Westerners and local elites. A systematic reliance on the discourse of civilization and barbarism can be seen in the use of a number of interchangeable paired tropes, such as modern versus traditional, developed versus underdeveloped, and progressive versus backward. The essentialization of Persian culture through the idea of “Persian character” provided space for the production of a national character.
Between Warrior Brother and Veiled Sister: Islamic Fundamentalism and the Politics of Patriarchy in Iran by Minoo Moallem